e – Home School


NO. 216, s. 1997

1. The Family Code of the Philippines (Article 20) and Articles XIV & XV of the 1997 Philippine Constitution recognize that parents have the primary responsibility of training and educating children especially in their formative years.
2. In view of this, a home education program for children is proposed for implementation on a pilot basis for SY 1997-1998. The first year of implementation shall be limited to selected private institutions which shall be accredited by the DECS as implementor of the Program. It can expand to other schools after try-out period.
3. Home education is designed to provide an alternative delivery system of educating children who for some reasons or for other circumstances cannot avail of the formal system of instruction in a regular school. The program aims to:
a. Develop the child’s potential in all areas of growth and development outside the formal system;
b. Recognize parents’ complementary/supplementary role in the education of children;
c. Provide literacy, numeracy and life-long skills through an alternative system of teaching and learning; and
d. Promote the talents, interest and skills of the child that he/she may become a self-propelling, fulfilled and contributing member of a community.
4. The basic concept of the home education and the general guidelines to be observed for its implementation are embodied in Inclosure No. 1. To be accredited, a private school must submit its program for Home-Education following said guidelines.
5. The Bureau of Elementary and the Bureau of Secondary Education shall extend technical assistance to Regional/Division offices for the implementation of the program.
6. Immediate dissemination and compliance to this Memorandum is Desired.

It is a well recognized and accepted fact founded on law, that parents have the primary responsibility to raise, rear, care for and train their children especially in their formative years. Some parents want to have direct hand in fulfilling this mandate through Home Education.

The envisioned Home Education Program is an innovation in the educational system which will address some groups of school-aged children who can not avail of existing formal schools but whose parents are competent enough to provide quality education. These parents have the greatest concern, love and dedication to the student-child and can detect his/her needs, promote his/her interest and has the time to develop his/her fullest potential without incurring too much school expenses. Through Home Education Program these can be accomplished with greater case due to the one-on-one-teacher-student ratio.

The home education program is home-based education which relies on the active participation of the parent as a teacher to his child. This is a one-on-one tutorial type of teaching. The parent is at the center of the educative process of the child/learner from which the home educated child/learner acquires the necessary skills to develop his full potential to become a self-propelling, fulfilled and contributing member of the community.

The program focuses on the development of practical knowledge and skills, functional literacy, economic productivity and self-reliance. The curriculum areas covered are the same as those offered in the formal school system.The program is presented graphically as follows:

Home Education is a program that will be offered by private institutions to parents who may want to have a direct responsibility in the education of their children in terms of academic achievement and values education. The parent or guardian, will be the teacher or tutor of the child and individualized instruction will be provided based on the needs and abilities of the child

The clientele of the program will also including children with special needs, namely, the gifted, the mentally retarded, those with speech and health problems, the physically handicapped or those with mobility problems, the deaf and the blind children.

The HEP allows the child to grow at his own rate of progress. The private school will provide support in terms of instructional materials to be used and in the evaluation of the academic performance of the home educated pupil/students. Form time to time “parent-teacher’’ will attend consultative meetings with school officials to keep them abreast of policies and strategies in the educational system.

The DECS approved curriculum and the Teacher`s Manual and Modular Instruction packages of the elementary and secondary levels shall be utilized. However, alternative curriculum materials shall likewise be adapted to the child`s needs taking into consideration the home setting, community needs and resources available. Hence the curriculum is flexible.

Parent Training for the Program
The training program for parents shall be conducted once in a quarter to be spearheaded by the private school. Area supervisor or the Home Education Coordinator designated by the private school. The training should focus on concepts of home education methods and strategies, basic knowledge, skills and attitudes to be developed, content of the program and evaluation of student progress

Accreditation of the students under the home education program shall be done through the administration of a validating test, results of which will certify them as eligible to enter the succeeding grade level. This evaluation will be conducted by NETRC. Periodic local assessment/monitoring shall be conducted by the home education school coordination to ascertain program implementation.

Implementing Agency/Office
The Bureau of Elementary Education will take charge in the pilot implementation of the Home Education Program for the elementary level while the secondary level will be administered by the bureau of Secondary Education. The Regional/Division Offices shall identify and monitor the private institutions which will offer the home education program.

Accredited School
A home educated child must be enrolled in an accredited private school for HEP Thus, he/she has a record of enrollment. The Division Office must be furnished a list of home education children enrolled in a particular private school.
A private school that wishes to be accredited should communicate its intention to the respective Division/Region Office that shall evaluate its capacity to undertake the program.

1. Home education program (HEP) Accredited school The private school with an HEP shall register with the Division/Regional as an implementor of the program and shall have the following functions:

1.1 Orient parent-teacher on the mechanics of the program;
1.2 Assign a home-School Coordinator to specifically monitor the implementation of the program;
1.3 Keep records of the recipients of the program;
1.4 Provide teaching guides, manuals and other instructional packages;
1.5 Conduct monthly assessment/evaluation of the child`s performance; and
1.6 Facilitate the conduct of the evaluation of the child`s learning for accreditation purposes.

2. Curriculum
The approved DECS curriculum including the modified curriculum for children with special needs shall be adopted based on the child`s records.
3. Parent-Teacher
The HEP teacher shall possess the following basic qualification;
3.1 BSE degree holder or its equivalent
3.2 Must have the time to teach
3.3 Must be willing to undergo training on HEP
4. Assessment/Evaluation
Periodic evaluation of the child`s performance shall be conducted by the school concerned. Accreditation of the child`s home education program shall be administered by NETRC, result of which will qualify the child to enter the grade level appropriate for him/her.

Activities for the Pilot Implementation of the HEP
A. Preparatory Stage
1. Conceptualization of the Pilot Home Education Program
2. National Validation of the Program
3. Revision and finalization/reconceptualization
B. Pre-Implementation Stage
1. Identification, registration and accreditation of existing Home Education Program implemented by private institutions
2. Consultative Conference on the Home Education Program
3. Organization of the Home Education School Coordinators as trainers for the program
4. Training of parents as teacher
5. Development of alternative optional curricula for the program
C. Implementation
1. Launching of the Pilot Home Education Program (HEP)
2. Induction Programs for Parent-Teachers who will join the Program
3. Monitoring and Evaluation

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